National Historic Sites of Saskatchewan

The Trails of 1885 are historic sites that spread across the prairie provinces of Canada… Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Over the years I have been able to visit a few of these sites that are located in Saskatchewan. All of the following sites are easily accessible from Saskatoon and some can even be visited together in one day.

If you are travelling to or from Edmonton to Saskatoon then an easy stop along the way is Fort Battleford.

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Fort Battleford National Historic Site

Fort Battleford was built in 1876 and was in use by the North-West Mounted Police from 1876 to 1924. Situated on a plateau, and located near two rivers, this fort offered excellent views and a means to escape by water if needed.

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North-West Mounted Police supplies

Fort Battleford was a place of safety for 500 settlers in 1885 during conflicts between the government forces and the Cree people living there at the time. It is also the site where Chief Poundmaker and six Cree men were hanged for their participation in massacres while trying to protect their land.

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Commanding Officer’s house

There are five buildings to visit filled with artifacts from that time period. You can tour this site in about an hour and you will find kids programs, a small gift shop, and guides on-site dressed in costumes to answer questions.

The next site I’ll mention is Fort Carlton. I loved wandering around this fort. It is definitely a bit out of the way, but with no crowds. and a beautiful setting, it was well worth it!

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Fort Carlton wall

Fort Carlton was built by the Hudson’s Bay Company and was used from 1810 to 1870 to store and gather goods for other posts. Located along the North Saskatchewan River, and also accessible by land, it was in the perfect location for traders to bring their supplies.

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From 1870 to 1885 it was used by the North-West Mounted Police as a base for the first battle of the North-West Resistance nearby at Duck Lake.

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After this fight the fort was abandoned by the police and was then used by Gabriel Dumont and his men before they moved on to Batoche. The original fort was unfortunately burned down, but it has been perfectly restored with buildings, towers, and walls.

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Red River carts at Fort Carlton

You can even walk along the top of the palisade walls to admire the spectacular countryside.

View From the Wall

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Fort Carlton has artifacts such as beaver pelts, buffalo hides, and birch bark baskets that you can see and touch. There is also a picnic area, hiking trails nearby, and a campground.

Situated the closest to Saskatoon, and definitely the site with the most to offer, is Batoche National Historic Site. On the way to Batoche you can make a quick stop at Fish Creek National Historic Site/Tourond’s Coulee.

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This location was where Gabriel Dumont, the Metis, and some Cree First Nations, fought and were able to hold back the North-West forces.

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The Metis were outnumbered and ill-prepared at Fish Creek, however after both sides withdrew, it would be another two weeks before the North-West forces would make their way to Batoche. This gave the Metis time to prepare their defences at Batoche.

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Church and graveyard at Batoche National Historic Site

Batoche National Historic Site is the location of the largest battle between the North-West forces and the Metis people who were living in this area at the time. Louis Riel, the political leader of the Metis, had chosen Batoche as the base for his provisional government.

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It was from here that Riel wanted to negotiate, on behalf of Gabriel Dumont and the Metis, with the Canadian government over the land that the Metis and other settlers had been using along the river. The Canadian government wanted to change the way the land was divided, which would cut off access to the river for many of the people living there. The Canadian government failed to reply to petitions and pleas from the Metis and other settlers, and eventually sent in forces.

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The battle that lasted from May 9 to 12, 1885, ended in victory for the Canadian government. The Metis, along with Riel and Dumont, were forced to retreat. Louis Riel was later captured and hanged for treason in Regina.

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At Batoche you will find a video explaining the history of the site, interpretive trails throughout the area, guided tours, and a gift shop and coffee shop. Give yourself about 3 hours here to meander the pathways and soak up the history. These are only a few of the sites that make up the Trails of 1885. Try and visit some on your road-trip this summer!

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